A detailed guide for those who want to make their apartment, cottage or even backyard more comfortable.
Popular types of heaters
Each type of heater has its own advantages and disadvantages. By familiarizing yourself with them, you will understand which unit is best suited for your needs.
Inside the heaters of this type is a mineral oil, which is heated from the electric coil and gives the heat to the body. Such a device consists of equal sections and looks like a classic apartment battery.
Of two oil heaters of equal power, the one with fewer sections is heated stronger. Therefore, it is more practical to take a model with more sections to reduce the chance of accidental burns.
Pros. Oil heaters work without noise, long retain heat after turning off and are considered environmentally friendly.
Cons. Because of the strong heating of the case, these devices can be dangerous for pets and small children. In addition, oil heaters are slow to warm up the room.
Convector looks like a battery without sections. Heaters of this type let in cold air through the lower holes in the housing and warm it up. As a result, it becomes lighter and exits itself through the top of the device. Thus there is a natural circulation of air.
Pros. Convectors are silent. They are not strongly heated, so they are safe for animals and children. These devices are often used as the main source of heating for dacha: they can easily be combined into a single heating network.
Cons. Heating is slow, and the efficiency of the convector strongly depends on its location: the lower, the better.
These heaters distribute warm air with the rotation of the blades. Their bodies are often equipped with an automatic rotating mechanism, which provides uniform heating of the surrounding area.
Pros. Fan heaters are leaders in the speed of heating rooms. They consume relatively little energy, and thanks to the variety of available sizes and shapes can easily fit into any interior.
Cons. The main disadvantage of heaters is the noise. And if dust gets on the heat coil, then an unpleasant smell of burning is added to it.
Devices of this type use harmless infrared radiation. Therefore, they, like the sun, do not warm the air, but objects falling under the rays: furniture, walls, floor, people. Some infrared heaters do not need electricity and run on gas.
Pros. Such devices do not make noise and are suitable for heating not only rooms, but also gazebos, suburban yards and other outdoor areas. In addition, infrared heaters are the most economical. Especially gas models, which do not work from a cylinder, but from the mains of natural gas.
Cons. These devices are not suitable for heating large rooms with many rooms. The areas where the infrared rays do not reach, remain cold.
Electric fireplace – this is a separate or integrated into the furniture unit, which repeats the design of a traditional fireplace. At the expense of special lighting or other technologies, this device creates a convincing imitation of the flame.
Pros. Electric fireplace is first of all a stylish element of decor. You get the very comfort for which everyone loves fireplaces, but at the same time save yourself the hassle of wood, smoke and coal.
Cons. Such devices heat badly. Therefore, you should not rely on them in cold weather.
This type of heaters stands apart. These heat curtains do not heat the room, but rather maintain its temperature. When they are mounted above doors and windows, they create downward air currents. These invisible barriers prevent heat exchange between the room and the outside.
When choosing heat curtains, pay special attention to their dimensions. The width of the devices should not be inferior to the width of the door or window openings. Otherwise, the area of the air barrier may be too small.
Pros. Heat curtains keep the temperature of the room at any time of the year and even prevent insects from getting inside.
Cons. These devices hardly warm the room, only keep the current temperature.
Before you buy, make sure that the heater has enough power for the size of your room. To do this, look at the store or manufacturer’s website for the heating area the unit provides. It is better to buy a model with excessive coverage than one with too little. Increased power will cost you more.
You can also determine for yourself what value of this indicator will be optimal for you.
It is believed that to heat one square meter of unheated room requires at least 100 watts of appliance power.
If the heater serves as an additional heat source, 60-80 watts will be sufficient for one square meter.
Types of controls
Heaters with mechanical controls usually allow you to select only power and temperature levels. Models with electronic control are more expensive, but often offer more settings and different modes of operation. They also have a display that shows temperature and other indicators, and are easy to interact with from a distance using a remote control.
When choosing a heater, it’s worth keeping in mind additional features and functions. Some of them can play a decisive role for you when choosing a device.
For example, if you want to buy a unit for the bathroom or sauna, make sure that it is protected against moisture. And for the heater to strictly maintain the temperature you set, choose a model with a thermostat. Among other useful features that you may be interested in – a timer, auto shutdown when falling and overheating, air humidifier and so on.
Dimensions and mounts
In order for the heater to be convenient and optimally suited to the conditions of the room, pay attention to the dimensions and available mounting methods. For example, some units are sold with wall or ceiling mounts, others are compact enough to work on the table, while others have wheels for easy transportation on the floor. There are also those that are suitable for different conditions of use.
- Choose heaters, oil heaters or converters for complete room heating. The former are the best option for those who are not afraid of noise. If noise is unacceptable and there are no children in the room, choose oil heaters. If you are afraid of burns or want to organize heating of dacha, buy convectors.
- For economical local heating, such as workplace, bathroom, garage or gazebo, choose infrared heaters. The most mobile will be a model with a gas cylinder.
- If aesthetics are more important to you than heat, consider electric fireplaces.
- Buy heat curtains if you want to keep the heat provided by your main heating system.
- Be sure to check that the heating area matches the size of your room.
- If you value convenience, choose a unit with electronic controls.
- Pay attention to the list of additional functions, dimensions and ways of fixing the heater.