If you don’t want to deal with messy soil but still want to enjoy the beauty and joy of having houseplants, then there is good news for you.
There are many plants that don’t need soil and can be grown in water, on different objects, or another medium.
Here are some of the plants which you can easily plant and grow at home without the use of soil.
Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana)
It may be called bamboo and may look like it, but Lucky bamboo is not bamboo at all. This houseplant is perfect if you want to grow a plant without the need for soil. While the dracaena sanderiana can be planted in soil, it will grow and thrive when placed in water only as well.
In fact, lucky bamboo is considered almost indestructible, as it requires no maintenance and will grow in a glass of water for years.
You can grow the lucky bamboo straight up or grow it in woven or spiral shapes if you want to add even more originality to your houseplant.
If you don’t use a tall bottle, vase, or another container, you may need some gravel or rocks to keep the plant standing in place in the water. But by adding some colorful rocks or gravel for support, you will add to the charm and looks of this easy-to-grow houseplant.
The philodendron is a beloved house plant due to its luscious heart-shaped leaves and its little need for maintenance.
The philodendron can thrive well both in a pot with soil as well as in a jar filled with water.
It can grow well in low and bright light conditions so that you can place this pretty plant anywhere in your home.
To grow philodendron hydroponically, just cut off a six-inch branch from an existing plant, remove the lower set of leaves, and submerge it into a glass or other container filled with tap water.
Pretty soon, your new houseplant will start growing roots and will continue flourishing in the water, without the need for planting it in soil.
There are many tropical orchids that are epiphytes. This means that they do not grow in soil but reside on other plants instead, but without being parasites. Instead, these plants have roots that have membranes capable of absorbing water from the air.
You can purchase such orchids which are already planted on stones, moss, or another planting medium, or you can plant your own orchids on a piece of bark, moss, stone, or other instead, without the need of soil.
Tillandsias (Air Plants)
Air plants, as their name suggests, grow in the air rather than in soil. There are over 650 different varieties of tillandsias that you can choose from, each of which has impressive blooms and foliage.
Their leaves usually grow in rosettes which absorb the necessary nutrients for the growth of the plant from the air and environment instead of soil.
You can purchase different air plants as houseplants, and they usually come mounted on different objects or in decorative dishes.
Spanish Moss (Tillandia Usneoides)
Spanish moss has gray-green drooping tendrils, which will remind you of the warmth and humidity of southern and tropical climates. It usually grows on trees and absorbs vital nutrients from the atmosphere, but it can be grown without soil indoors as well.
You will need to fertilize it with a liquid fertilizer rich in phosphorus twice a month and mist it with water at least two times per week if you want your Spanish moss to thrive indoors.
Remember to purchase the Spanish moss from a reliable supplier instead of gathering it from the wild if you want to avoid bringing in small insects into your home.
Marimo Moss Balls
These impressive plants, also known as cladophora balls, are algae that grow in spherical forms.
The Marimo moss ball can be grown in a jar or other glass container and even in a fish tank.
All it needs is a change of the water every two weeks and to be kept away from direct sunlight to thrive and bring a unique accent to your living space.
Paperwhites (Narcissus tazetta)
Paperwhites are a type of daffodil that can be forced from bulbs only in water with some pebbles indoors.
They are a perfect addition to your interior, especially during the winter, thanks to their cheerful yellow and white blooms and their fragrance, which will remind you of spring and summer.
Aechmea is a tropical plant from the Bromeliad family, which is a common choice as a houseplant that doesn’t require soil.
While the aechemea can grow in a little soil, it is a non-parasitic grappler plant that gets anchored to other plants and absorbs the nutrients directly from the atmosphere.
It can thrive well both in bright light and low light conditions and is not susceptible to pests making it a perfect choice for a low maintenance houseplant or for a gift.